Helmeted Head of Roma
Ancient Roman Coin
Circa 111-110 B.C.
Helmeted Head of Roma on the obverse
Victory driving triga on the reverse
Silver Coin set in Sterling Silver
Most ancient cities had a goddess who watched over them and was often named for the city. In the case of Rome, this goddess was Roma. In the Roman currency system, the denarius (plural denarii) was a small coin first minted about 211 BC during the Second Punic War. It became the most popular form of currency until it was replaced by the antoninianus. Denarius is derived from the Latin deni ("containing ten"), as, when it was first minted, it was valued at 10 asses. It is the base for several modern currency words such as dinar and the Italian denaro.